Learning a foreign language has been a most trying experience for me, but one that I wouldn't trade for anything. Not on

时间:2013-03-03 收藏

 I. Read the following paragraph aloud until you can say it from memory. 

    Learning a foreign language has been a most trying experience for me, but one that I wouldn't trade for anything. Not only did learning another language teach me the value of hard work, but it also gave me insights into another culture, and my mind was opened to new ways of seeing things. The most wonderful result of having learned a foreign language was that I could communicate with many more people than before. Talking with people is one of my favorite activities, so being able to speak a new language lets me meet new people, participate in conversations, and form new, unforgettable friendships. Now that I speak a foreign language, instead of staring into space when English is being spoken, I can participate and make friends. I am able to reach out to others and bridge the gap between my language and culture and theirs.


II. Answer the following questions.

1. What made the author's English learning in junior middle school very successful?

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2. How was the author's experience with English learning in senior middle school different from his experience in junior middle school?
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3. In what way is the author's experience with English in junior middle school similar to his experience in college? In what way are they different from each other? 
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4. Judging from the sixth paragraph, what is basic to online English learning?
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5. What was the method the author used for online English learning?
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6. Why didn't the author feel intimidated when he found some students could speak faster than he could?
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7. Why wouldn't the author trade his experience in learning a foreign language for anything else?
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8. According to the last paragraph, what interests the author most about English ?
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III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.

 

positive frustrate intimidate access
commitment minimum discipline embarrass
reap insight participate assignment


1. John was going to < input class="fb" maxlength="20" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q9" type="text" /> Mary by telling his friends how much weight she had gained.  
2. < input class="fb" maxlength="22" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q10" type="text" /> is essential to a successful scientist; he cannot hope to make any progress if he cannot work in a controlled way.  
3. With the coming of the Internet, young people have < input class="fb" maxlength="14" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q11" type="text" /> to the most recent events that happen in the world.  
4. It's no use just telling me to do it; suggest some < input class="fb" maxlength="18" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q12" type="text" /> ways to do it.  
5. He made a < input class="fb" maxlength="22" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q13" type="text" /> to let all children learn English, but he soon found it impossible without an online course.  
6. Don't give students problems they can't understand as this will only < input class="fb" maxlength="20" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q14" type="text" /> them.  
7. The boss tried to < input class="fb" maxlength="22" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q15" type="text" /> his men about striking by telling them he would fire them.  
8. As long as you get regular exercise, you can < input class="fb" maxlength="10" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q16" type="text" /> the benefit of being fit.  

 

IV. Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences with a suitable preposition or adverb.

2. I hope that this talk has given you some insight < input class="fb" maxlength="10" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q18" type="text" /> the kind of work that we've been doing.  
3. It was clear that much of what he said was far < input class="fb" maxlength="10" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q19" type="text" /> the truth.  
4. You have to be patient < input class="fb" maxlength="10" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q20" type="text" /> small children, since they cannot tell the difference between what is wrong and what is right.  
5. Hard as they tried, these newspaper reporters didn't get access < input class="fb" maxlength="6" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q21" type="text" /> the building where a murder took place five hours ago.  
6. John lost his wife and his work two months ago; his friends told him to be positive < input class="fb" maxlength="12" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q22" type="text" /> his future and get on with living a normal life.  
7. When she failed a third time, she cried < input class="fb" maxlength="16" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q23" type="text" /> frustration and wanted to give up trying.  
8. He wished to have the opportunity of participating < input class="fb" maxlength="6" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q24" type="text" /> preparing for the sports meet.  

 


V. Rewrite the following sentences using a present participle phrase.


    Model : I eagerly answered all the questions I could, because I never worried much about making mistakes.
               I eagerly answered all the questions I could, never worrying much about making mistakes.

1. When we climbed to the top of the tower, we saw a beautiful sight.

2. He refused to attend the party, because he didn't want to meet John there.

3. If you turn to the right, you will find a path leading to the cottage.

4. It rained for two weeks on end, and it completely ruined our holidays.

5. The small girl stared into space and felt frustrated at what the teacher asked her. 

VI. Rewrite the following sentences by using inverted(倒装) order. 

    Model: Learning another language taught me the value of hard work, but it also gave me insights into another culture.
              Not only did learning another language teach me the value of hard work, but it also gave me insights into another culture.

1. He not only easily accepts other people's opinions, but he is also patient. 

2. She not only sings beautifully but also dances wonderfully.

3. We not only lost all our money, but we also came close to losing our lives. 

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4. Through an online course we not only learned the technology but we also learned to communicate with friends in English.
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5. Smith not only learned the Chinese language but also bridged the gap between his culture and ours.
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VII. Translate the following sentences into English.


1. 与以英语为母语的人交谈是非常有益的体验,从中我们能学到许多东西。
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2. 在市长(mayor)的帮助下,我们最终获准接触这起交通事故的受害者。
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3. 鲍勃和弗兰克一直不和。令他们尴尬的是,他们将到同一个部门工作。
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4. 小时候,我总告诉妹妹说狼(wolf)来了,把她吓得直哭。
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5. 作科学研究不容易,不仅需要时间、精力和经费,还需要具有自制力和奉献精神。
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VIII. Translate the following paragraph into Chinese. 

    Learning a foreign language has been a most trying experience for me, but one that I wouldn't trade for anything. Not only did learning another language teach me the value of hard work, but it also gave me insights into another culture, and my mind was opened to new ways of seeing things. The most wonderful result of having learned a foreign language was that I could communicate with many more people than before. Talking with people is one of my favorite activities, so being able to speak a new language lets me meet new people, participate in conversations, and form new, unforgettable friendships. Now that I speak a foreign language, instead of staring into space when English is being spoken, I can participate and make friends. I am able to reach out to others and bridge the gap between my language and culture and theirs.
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IX. Carefully read the following sentences and circle one answer from each pair in bold that is the correct or best one.


  Learning a foreign language is not only a very difficult and rewarding < input class="mf" maxlength="11" size="11" name="UNIT01-A-Q41" type="text" /> < input class="mf" maxlength="8" size="8" name="UNIT01-A-Q42" type="text" /> a frustrating and valuable one. When language teachers use positive methods, students feel encouraged to answer < input class="mf" maxlength="7" size="7" name="UNIT01-A-Q43" type="text" />, never < input class="mf" maxlength="8" size="8" name="UNIT01-A-Q44" type="text" /> about making mistakes. < input class="mf" maxlength="7" size="7" name="UNIT01-A-Q45" type="text" /> times, teachers who are not patient cause students to < input class="mf" maxlength="4" size="4" name="UNIT01-A-Q46" type="text" /> their excitement for answering questions and their desire < input class="mf" maxlength="3" size="3" name="UNIT01-A-Q47" type="text" /> say anything in English. < input class="mf" maxlength="8" size="8" name="UNIT01-A-Q48" type="text" />, very large classes may give students < input class="mf" maxlength="5" size="5" name="UNIT01-A-Q49" type="text" /> chances to answer and may < input class="mf" maxlength="10" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q50" type="text" /> them because of those who speak much better than < input class="mf" maxlength="4" size="4" name="UNIT01-A-Q51" type="text" />. Studying English online is < input class="mf" maxlength="4" size="4" name="UNIT01-A-Q52" type="text" /> different from study in the regular classroom < input class="mf" maxlength="3" size="3" name="UNIT01-A-Q53" type="text" /> it gives students freedom to think out their ideas and to write a reply before posting it < input class="mf" maxlength="4" size="4" name="UNIT01-A-Q54" type="text" /> the screen. Online learning also brings many benefits such as < input class="mf" maxlength="8" size="8" name="UNIT01-A-Q55" type="text" /> the value of hard work, gaining < input class="mf" maxlength="8" size="8" name="UNIT01-A-Q56" type="text" /> into other cultures, and opening our minds to new ways < input class="mf" maxlength="2" size="2" name="UNIT01-A-Q57" type="text" /> thinking. Learning a foreign language by computers < input class="mf" maxlength="5" size="5" name="UNIT01-A-Q58" type="text" /> it possible to < input class="mf" maxlength="11" size="11" name="UNIT01-A-Q59" type="text" /> with many more people and to bridge the gap < input class="mf" maxlength="7" size="7" name="UNIT01-A-Q60" type="text" /> one culture and another.



A Paragraph of Cause and Effect
    The author presents the reader with his own language learning experience for different stages, from junior middle school to online learning, and for each different stage of learning he describes an effect that results from some cause. This is an example of cause and effect writing, which makes clear the reasons why something happens by showing the relation between a cause and its effect. Look at how the author writes in Paragraph 3.

Para. 3
    When I went to senior middle school, I was eager to continue studying English; however, my experience in senior school was very different from before. While my former teacher had been patient with all students, my new teacher quickly punished those who gave incorrect answers. Whenever we answered incorrectly, she pointed a long stick at us and, shaking it up and down, shouted, "No! No! No!" It didn't take me long to lose my eagerness to answer questions. Not only did I lose my joy in answering questions, but also I totally lost my desire to say anything at all in English. 

 

The topic(话题)of the paragraph - My learning experience in senior middle school is different from before.
When I went to senior middle school, I was eager to continue studying English; however, my experience in senior school was very different from before.

The cause:
While my former teacher had been patient with all students, my new teacher quickly punished those who gave incorrect answers. Whenever we answered incorrectly, she pointed a long stick at us and, shaking it up and down, shouted, "No! No! No!"

 

The effect:
It didn't take me long to lose my eagerness to answer questions. Not only did I lose my joy in answering questions, but also I totally lost my desire to say anything at all in English. 

 

Para.3

 



X. Now please read Paragraph 2 to find out the similar cause-and-effect relation there and fill in the chart(图表)below.


Para. 2
My experience with a foreign language began in junior middle school, when I took my first English class. I had a kind and patient teacher who often praised all of the students. Because of this positive method, I eagerly answered all the questions I could, never worrying much about making mistakes. I was at the top of my class for two years.
 

The topic of the paragraph - My learning experience in junior middle school.
My experience with a foreign language began in junior middle school, when I took my first English class.

The cause

 

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 The effect

 

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Para.2

 


Have a look at the sample(样段)cause-and-effect paragraph based on the outline(提纲)below:

Outline:
· two of my roommates got into a serious fight/this morning
· one doing homework; the other listening to music
· one asking the other to turn down the music; the other not hearing it
· one turns off the radio/makes the other angry
· a quarrel leads to a fight

Sample paragraph
    This morning two of my roommates got into a serious fight. Da Li was doing his homework, which he had to hand in for class today, while Xiao Zhang was listening to his favorite music. Da Li asked Xiao Zhang to turn down the music but he, enjoying the music, just didn't hear Da Li. Da Li turned off the radio. This made Xiao Zhang very angry. He shouted loudly at Da Li, who answered sharply. The two got into a bitter quarrel, which soon became a serious fight.

XI. Here are some topics for you to choose from to write your own paragraph showing a cause-and-effect relation. One has a few more details(细节)that you can follow if you choose.

Detailed outline:
Topic: succeeding in language learning
Cause: a lot of practice/carry a dictionary, a notebook/meet the minimum standards of the course/finish assignments
Effect: reap the benefits of the hard work

Other topics:

· failing to pass the exams
· not understanding the foreign teacher's words
· one of your parents becoming seriously ill

 

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1. The attempts to intimidate people < input class="fb" maxlength="10" size="10" name="UNIT01-A-Q17" type="text" /> accepting the unreasonable decision did not work.  

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